Books and Literature

Aetiology of Malocclusion – Can the Tropic Premise Assist our Understanding


Ackerman, D. “A natural history of the senses”. Cornell University. 1990.
Alexander SA 1993. The effect of fixed and functional appliances on enamel decalcifications in early Class II treatment Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 103:45-7.

Battagel, J.M. 1996. “The use of tensor analysis to investigate facial changes in treated Class II division 1 malocclusions”. European Journal of Orthodontics. 18: 41-54.
Bishara,SE, and Jakobsen, JR. 1997. “Profile changes in patients treated with and without extractions: Assessments by lay people”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dento-facial Orthopaedics. 112: 639-644
Bjork, A. “Sutural growth of the upper face studied by the implant method.” Acta Odont Scand. 24:109-127. 1966.
Bresolin, B. Shapiro, G.C. Shapiro, B.A. Dassel, S.W. Furukawa,C.T. Pierson, W.E. Chapco,W.E. & Bierman,C.W. “Facial characteristics of children who breathe through the mouth.” Paediatrics 73:622-625. 1984.
Bull, R. & Rumsey, N. “The social psychology of facial appearance.” Springer-Verlag, New York. 1988.

Cavior, H. , Hayes,S. and Cavior,N. “Physical attractiveness of female offenders”. Criminal Justice and Behavior. 1:321-331. 1974.
Clark,JD, Kerr,WJS, and Davis,MH. 1998. “Surgery, Growth Modification or Orthodontic Camouflage? Brian’s case”. Dental Update. 25:12-17.
Corruccini,R, Keul.SS, Chopra.SRK, Karosas.J, Larsen.MD, and Morrow.C. . 1983. “Epidemiological survey of occlusion in North India”. British Journal of Orthodontics 10: 44-47.
Cross, J.F. and Cross,J. “Age sex, race, and the perception of facial beauty”. Developmental Psychology. 5: 433-439. 1971.



Frankel R,1, and FrankeI C. 2001. Clinical Implication of Roux’s Concept in Orofacial Orthopaedics. Journal of Orofacial Orthopaedics. 62 1-21.
Fushima,K., Kitamura,Y, Mita,H., Sato,S, Suzuki,Y and Kim,Y.H. 1996. “Significance of the cant of the posterior occlusal plane in Class II division 1 malocclusions”. European Journal of Orthodontics. 18: 27-40.
Glatz-Noll,E & Berg,R. 1991 “Oral dysfunction in children with Down’s Syndrome: an evaluation of treatment effects by means of video-registration.”  European Journal of Orthodontics. 13; 446-451. “Video recordings of 5 minutes duration” Subjects “Nineteen healthy children under the age of 3 years 9 months served as a control group”. Their mouths were open 85% of the time.

Harris, E.F. & Johnson, M.G. “Heritability of craniometric and occlusal variables” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dento-facial Orthopaedics. 99: 258-268. 1991.
Hartnett, J. & Elder, D. “The princess and the nice frog. Study in perception”. Perceptual and Motor Skills.37:863-866. 1973.
Harvold, E, Chierici, G. and Vargervik, K. “Experiments on the development of dental malocclusion.” Ammerican Journal of Orthodontics. 61:38-44. 1972.
Horowitz, E.P. Oxbourne, R.H. & de George, F.C. “Cephalometric study of craniofacial variations in adult twins”. Angle Orthodontist30:1-5. 1960
Howe, R.P. Macnamara, J.A. & O’Connor, K.A. “An examination of tooth crowding and its relationship to tooth size and arch dimensions”. American Journal of orthodontics 83:263-273.1983.


Johnston L.E. 1990 Fear and loathing in orthodontics: notes on the death of theory. D S Carlson (Ed). Craniofacial Growth Series 23. The University of Michigan Ann Arbor .


Kahl-nieke B, Fischback H, and Schwarze C.W. “Post retention crowding and incisor irregularity: A long term follow- up evaluation of stability and relapse”. British Journal of Orthodontics 22:249-257. 1995.
Kraus, B.S. Wise, W.J. & Frei, R.M. “Heredity and the crainio-facial complex.” American Journal of Orhtodontics 45:172-217. 1959.
Kurol,J., Owman-Moll,P and Lundgren,D. 1996. “Time related root resorption after application of a controlled continuous orthodontic force”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics. 110: 303-310.
Lee, L.F. & Proffit, W.R. “The daily rhythm of tooth erruption”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dento-Facial Orthpedics. In press 1994.
Lewison, E. “Twenty years of prison surgery: An evaluation.” Canadian Journal of Otolaryngology. 3:42-50. 1974.
Linder-Aronson, S. Woodside,D.G. Hellsing,G.& Emerson,W. “Normalisation of incisor position after adenoidectomy”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 103:412-427. 1993.
Little, R.M. Riedel, R.A. & Artun, J. “An evaluation of changes in mandibular anterior alignment from 10 to 20 years post-retention.” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dento-Facial Orthopedics. 93:423-428. 1988.
Lundstrom, A. Woodside, D.G. & Popovich, F. “Panel assessments of facial profile related to mandibular growth direction”. European Journal of Orthodontics. 9: 271-278. 1987.
Lundstrom,A. &Woodside,D.G. 1980. “Individual variation in Growth Direction Expressed at the Chin and Midface”. European Journal of Orhtodontics. 2:65-79.
Lundstrom,A. Woodside,D.G. & Popovich,F. 1987 “Panel assessments of facial profile related to mandibular growth direction”. European Journal of Orthodontics. 9: 271-278
Melson B, Hansen K and Hagg U. 1999. Overjet reduction and molar correction in fixed appliance treatment of class II division 1 malocclusions: Sagittal and vertical components. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 115:13-23.

Mew, J.R.C. “Facial form, head posture, and the protection of the pharyngeal space” The clinical alteration of the growing face. J.A.Macnamara, K.Ribbens, R.P.Howe. Eds. Monograph 14. Crainiofacial Growth Series. Center of Human Growth and Development. Ann Arbor. Michigan. 1983. (see also papers published by John Mew)
Mew, J.R.C. “Suggestions for forecasting and monitoring facial growth” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dento-facial Orthopedics. 104: 105-120. 1993Faces 1993. (see also papers published by John Mew)
Mew J R C. 2004. The Postural Basis of Malocclusion: A philosophical Overview. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics. In press July or August.
Mew JRC. 1999. A New form of Orthodontic Treatment Tested on Identical Twins. European Journal of Orthodontics. 21: 605.

Mirabella, A.D. and Artun, J. 1995 “Prevalence and severity of apical root resorption of maxillary anterior teeth in adult orthodontic patients”. European Journal of Orthodontics. 17: 93-99
More, W.J., Lavelle,C.L.B. & Spence,T.F. “Changes in the size and shape of the human mandible in Britain.” British Dental Journal. 125: 163. 1968.



Ogaard B, Rolla G, Arends J. Orthodontic appliances and enamel demineralization. Part 1. Lesion Development. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1988 Jul;94(1):68-73
Ogaard B. Prevalence of white spot lesions in 19-year-olds: a study on untreated and orthodontically treated persons 5 years after treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1989 Nov;96(5):423-7.

Proffit, W.R. and Fields, H.W. 1983 “Occlusal Forces in Normal- and Long-face Children “. Journal of Dental Research. 62; 571
Peck, H. & Peck,S. “A concept of facial aesthetics”. Angle Orthodontists. 40: 119-127. 1970.
Platou, C. and Zachrisson, B.U. “Incisor position in Scandinavian children with ideal occlusion”. American Journal of Orthodontics. 83:341-352. 1983.


Richards Derek. Director of Evidenced Based Medicine at Oxford. 2000 ‘The London Based Symposium’. , Evidenced Based Dentistry 2: pages 3-4.

Sackett,D. Professor of Evidenced Based Research at Oxord. 1994 “Nine years later; a commentary on revisiting the Moyers symposium”. CraniofacialGrowth Series, Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Samuels, C.A. & Elwy, R. “Aesthetic perception of faces during infancy”. British Journal of Psychology. 3:221-228. 1985.
Shaw, W C, 2000. How relevant is the evidence based process to Orthodontics?
Evidenced Based Dentistry 2: pages 7-8
Squires, R, & Mew, J.R.C. “The relationship between facial structure and personality characteristics.” British Journal of Social Psychology. 20: 151-160. 1981 (see also papers published by John Mew)
Toth LR, and McNamara JA. 1999. Treatment effects produced by the twin-block appliance and the FR2 appliance of Frankel compared with an untreated Class II sample. The American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics116:997-609.
Trotman,C, MacNamara,J, Dibbets,J, & Th van der Weele, L. 1997. “Association of lip posture and the dimensions of the tonsils and sagital airway with facial morphology”. Angle Orthodontist. 67:425-432
Walpoff, W.H. “Deturminants of mandibula form and growth.” Centre for Human Growth and Development. University of Michigan Ann Arbor.